Stainless Steel Flanges

Flanges are essential components used to connect pipes, valves, pumps, and other equipment in a piping system. They provide easy access for inspection, modification, and cleaning. The manufacturing of flanges involves various materials, including carbon steel, stainless steel, alloy steel, and sometimes more exotic materials like titanium and nickel alloys, depending on the application. The process includes several key stages to ensure the flanges meet stringent industrial standards and specifications.


  1. Selection of Material: The first step in manufacturing flanges is selecting the appropriate material. This depends on factors such as the application’s pressure, temperature, and corrosiveness.
  2. Material Preparation: Raw materials are prepared, typically in the form of metal rods, billets, or plates. The material must meet the specified chemical composition and mechanical properties.

Manufacturing Processes

  1. Cutting: The raw material is cut into required dimensions using cutting machines like band saws, circular saws, or plasma cutting machines. The cut pieces are then prepared for further processing.

  2. Forging: Forging is a common method for flange manufacturing. It involves heating the cut pieces of metal and shaping them under high pressure using forging dies and hammers. This process enhances the grain structure and strength of the metal.

  3. Machining: After forging, the rough flanges undergo machining to achieve precise dimensions and surface finish. This involves various machining operations:

    • Turning: Performed on a lathe, turning operations produce the required shape and size of the flange.
    • Drilling: Holes for bolts are drilled based on standardized patterns.
    • Facing: Ensures the flange face is flat and smooth to provide a proper seal.
    • Boring: Enlarges holes to the desired diameter.
    • Threading: Internal or external threads are cut if required.
  4. Heat Treatment: Some flanges undergo heat treatment to improve mechanical properties such as strength, hardness, and resistance to wear and corrosion. Heat treatment processes include annealing, normalizing, quenching, and tempering.

  5. Surface Finishing: Surface finishing processes such as grinding, sandblasting, and polishing are applied to meet specific surface roughness requirements and improve appearance and resistance to corrosion.

  6. Inspection and Testing: Quality control is critical in flange manufacturing. Inspections and tests include:

    • Dimensional Inspection: Ensures all dimensions meet the specified tolerances.
    • Visual Inspection: Checks for surface defects like cracks and inclusions.
    • Non-Destructive Testing (NDT): Techniques like ultrasonic testing, radiography, and magnetic particle inspection detect internal and surface defects.
    • Mechanical Testing: Tensile, impact, and hardness tests confirm the material’s mechanical properties.
  7. Marking and Certification: After passing all inspections and tests, flanges are marked with relevant details such as material grade, size, pressure rating, and manufacturer’s logo. Certification documentation, such as mill test reports (MTRs), is provided to ensure traceability and compliance with standards.

Types of Flanges

Flanges come in various types, each designed for specific applications and requirements:

  • Weld Neck Flange: Ideal for high-pressure applications, providing strong and leak-proof connections.
  • Slip-On Flange: Easy to install and weld, suitable for low-pressure applications.
  • Blind Flange: Used to close the ends of piping systems, valves, and pressure vessel openings.
  • Socket Weld Flange: Typically used for small-diameter, high-pressure pipes.
  • Lap Joint Flange: Paired with a stub end, allowing for easy alignment and assembly.
  • Threaded Flange: Screwed onto the pipe without welding, used for low-pressure systems.
  • Ring Type Joint Flange: Features a groove for a metal ring gasket, providing a high-integrity seal for high-pressure and high-temperature applications.


The manufacturing of flanges involves meticulous processes to ensure they meet the high standards required for industrial applications. From material selection to forging, machining, and rigorous quality testing, each step is crucial in producing reliable and durable flanges. These components are vital in various industries, including oil and gas, chemical, petrochemical, power generation, and water treatment, where safety and performance are paramount.

Types of Flanges

Blind Flange

Size : 1/2???NB TO 60???NB Class :150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Lap Joint Flanges

Size : 1/8??? NB TO 48???NB. Class : 150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Threated Flanges

Size : 1/2???NB TO 60???NB Class :150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Weld Neck Flanges

Size : 1/2???NB TO 60???NB Class :150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Slip On Flanges

Size : 1/2???NB TO 60???NB Class :150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Socket Weld Flanges

Size : 1/2??? NB TO 60???NB. Class : 150 LBS, 300 LBS, 600 LBS, 900 LBS, 1500 LBS, 2500 LBS

Plate Flanges

Size : 1/2???NB TO 60???NB Class : AS A150, AS A300, TABLE D,E,F,H, DIN, ND-6,10, 16, 25, 40